[F]act checking individual articles is simply too slow to be an effective solution against the spread of fake news. Disinformation and fake news spread through social media, “take root quickly and die hard”. By the time an article has been fact-checked, many users have already read the article and much of the damage from fake news has already been done. Hence, fact checking is often “too little, too late,” and the scientific community has been voicing the need to take a more proactive measure to prevent the spread and consumption of disinformation. […] News articles tend to have a short “shelf life,” and by the time fact checking has taken place, the articles would most likely have gone through their life cycle.